The database will contain people's names, individual insurance account numbers (SNILS), tax identification numbers (TIN), citizenship data and marital status. Russia's ministries and federal agencies will provide the data, which will then be processed at a facility in the city of Gorodets in the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The Federal Tax Service has been tasked with protecting and updating the register.
State and municipal authorities, public services centers, notaries, and citizens will be able to retrieve data from the register. Citizens can also submit requests to modify the data.
The law will come into force on January 1, 2022, kickstarting a transition period until 2025.
The register will analyze people's family ties and calculate their income, making it easier for the authorities to target assistance and help the population, according to Federal Tax Service Deputy Head Vitaly Kolesnikov. "Bringing all information systems to one denominator will create a so-called 'ideal golden profile', which will summarize around 30 types of data from 12 major vendors," Kolesnikov said.
The Russian government proposed creating the register in July 2019 in a bid to cut delays in the provision of public services.